Identification of Banana Fruit Types Using the Backpropagation Method


  • Dian Widodo STMIK Kaputama
  • Achmad Fauzi STMIK KAPUTAMA
  • Arnes Sembiring University of Medan Area



Backpropagation, RGB (red green blue), metric and eccentricity.


Identification of types of bananas and assessment of their maturity level is an important process in the agricultural and distribution industries. In an effort to automate this process, the authors propose an approach to identify bananas and their level of ripeness using a Backpropagation neural network. Through digital image processing, images or pictures of bananas will be extracted with images such as RGB (red green blue), metric and eccentricity (shape features). The results of the image data training process are as many as 55 image data input, obtained by the training process data on banana types with 11 iterations from the maximum input epoch 10000, target error or performance 0.00642 with an accuracy value of 80%. Furthermore, the training process obtained data on the maturity level of bananas with 4 iterations from the maximum input epoch 10000, the target error or performance is 0.00606 with an accuracy value of 90%. From the test image process that has been carried out, the system can identify the type of banana and its maturity level based on the feature extraction input from the image of the banana. This study also aims to test and determine the accuracy of the application of the Backpropagation method in identifying the types of bananas and their level of maturity.


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How to Cite

Widodo, D., Fauzi, A., & Sembiring, A. (2023). Identification of Banana Fruit Types Using the Backpropagation Method. Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Engineering Applications (JAIEA), 3(1), 300–307.