Artificial Neural Network for Classification of Dengue Fever Using Backpropagation Algorithm


  • Ririn Eka Andrianti Tarigan STMIK KAPUTAMA
  • Fuzy Yustika Manik Universitas Sumatera Utara



Artificial Neural Networks, Classification, Dengue Fever, Backpropagation, Visual Basic.


Fever is an increase in body temperature to higher than usual. Normal human body temperature is at 37oC, if the body temperature is more than this figure, it indicates a fever caused by infectious or non-infectious factors. The main symptom of Dengue hemorrhagic fever is high fever with a temperature between 30oC - 40oC which appears suddenly, the fever lasts for 7 days and occurs continuously, body temperature can be normal or low, then will rise slowly every day and can reach 40oC . These two diseases are still a public health problem in urban areas, including in the cities of Binjai and Medan. The problem that has occurred so far is that people in general cannot differentiate the symptoms of Dengue Fever from Malaria, so the treatment given only provides ordinary fever medicine, so that within three days there is no change and the high body temperature makes the patient know that someone has dengue fever. Therefore, the solution provided in this research is to find out the physical characteristics experienced by the sufferer before further diagnosis is carried out. If someone has a fever above 38oC, the body has red spots, irregular breathing, immediately go to the doctor because these symptoms indicate symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever or malaria fever. Artificial neural networks are an information processing system designed to imitate the workings of the human brain by carrying out a learning process through changing the weights of synapses. The human brain consists of millions of interconnected neurons known as biological neurons. Each neuron consists of a cell that has a number of dendrites (input) and an axon (output). Axons connect to other neurons through connecting pathways that produce chemical reactions when responding to incoming input. The input required includes the number of input variables, input variable values, weights, learning rate, threshold, maximum epoh and target (output) with the error value classification used is Mean Absolute Error (MAE), there are 2 types of disease with fever symptoms used. The types of disease are dengue hemorrhagic fever and malaria and the system will be designed using the Visual Basic 2010 programming language. From the results of the research that has been carried out, classification results are obtained with a value of 0.893619481 or rounded to equal 1 and classified as dengue hemorrhagic fever.


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How to Cite

Tarigan, R. E. A., & Manik, F. Y. (2023). Artificial Neural Network for Classification of Dengue Fever Using Backpropagation Algorithm. Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Engineering Applications (JAIEA), 3(1), 468–478.